Getting Started with bear hunting is an exciting experience for many outdoor enthusiasts. It requires good knowledge of the land, wildlife, and firearms safety. If you’re new to bear hunting, here are some tips to help get you started.

Black Bear
Black Bear Hunting is legal in many states.

There are four main methods of bear hunting:

  • Baiting: This is the most common method, and involves placing bait in an area where bears are likely to find it. Bears have a keen sense of smell, and will be attracted to bait made from a variety of materials, such as rotten meat, fish, or fruits.

  • Calling: This method involves using calls to attract bears. Bears can be called using a variety of calls, such as distress calls or calls that mimic the sounds of other animals.

  • Spot-and-stalk: This method involves finding bears and then stalking them until you are in a good position to take a shot. This method is more challenging than baiting or calling, but it can be more rewarding.

  • Trailing with hounds: This method involves using dogs to track and tree bears. Once the bear is treed, the hunter can then take a shot.

Each state regulates bear hunting: The regulations vary from state to state, so it is important to check the regulations for the state where you will be hunting. Some states allow baiting, while others do not. Some states allow hunting with hounds, while others do not.

Bear hunting requires the use of a firearm or bow: The type of firearm or bow that you use will depend on the method that you will be using to hunt bears. If you are baiting bears, you will likely use a rifle or a shotgun. If you are calling or spot-and-stalking bears, you may use a rifle, a shotgun, or a used bow and arrow license.

Bear hunting is a dangerous activity: Bears are large and powerful animals, and they can be dangerous if they feel threatened. It is important for hunters to be aware of your surroundings and to take precautions to stay safe when hunting bears.

Bear Hunting Tips

Scout the area before you hunt: This will help you to find areas where bears are likely to be active.
Be patient: Bear hunting can be a waiting game. It is essential to be patient and to wait for the right opportunity to take a shot.
Be safe: Bears are dangerous animals, so it is essential to be safe when hunting them. Use caution and be aware of your surroundings.

Where to Hunt Bear

As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, bear hunting regulations can vary by state in the United States. It’s important to note that hunting laws and regulations can change over time, so it’s always a good idea to consult the latest information from the relevant state wildlife agency or department. Here are some states where bear hunting may be permitted:


Known for its wild and abundant bear population, Alaska offers brown bear and black bear hunting opportunities.


You need a valid hunting license and a black bear tag to hunt black bears in Arizona. A non-permit tag can be obtained from a licensed dealer for most black bear hunts.  For some spring black bear hunts, a permit tag is required.


Bear hunting is available in California for both rifle and bow hunting.


Colorado permits the hunting of black bears in certain areas during specific seasons.


Idaho provides hunting opportunities for black bears and limited hunting of grizzly bears in designated areas.


Montana has black bears in certain designated areas.


Maine has a well-established black bear population, and hunting seasons are available year around for residents and non-residents.


Minnesota supports its black bear population by offering high-quality bear habitats, conducting research to enhance understanding of bear biology, educating the public on coexisting with bears, assisting individuals with bear-related issues, and managing the bear population through hunting seasons.


Black bear hunting is available in Michigan.

New York

Black bear hunting is allowed in New York State. Check out the full black bear hunting and regulations.

North Carolina

North Carolina offers black bear hunting well-established black bear population.


Pennsylvania offers black bear hunting seasons in various regions west of the state.


Bear hunting is permitted in Tennessee with archery, muzzleloader, and rifle. Dogs are allowed. One bear either sex. Does not count toward the statewide bag limit.


Wyoming allows the hunting and harvest of black bears and grizzly bears in specific regions during designated seasons.

These are just a few examples, and there are other states where bear hunting may be legal. Remember to check with the respective state wildlife agency or department for the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding bear hunting regulations, licensing fees and requirements, seasons, and any restrictions or quotas that may apply.

Questions and Answers

What is needed for bear hunting?

Essential gear you need for bear hunting:

  • A firearm: The type of firearm you need will depend on the bear you are hunting and the regulations in your area. A .30-06 or .308 rifle is a good choice for black bears. You will need a larger caliber rifle for grizzly bears, such as a .375 H&H Magnum or .45-70.

  • Bear spray: Bear spray is an essential safety tool for bear hunting. It is a non-lethal deterrent that can stop a bear attack.

  • Binoculars: Binoculars are essential for spotting bears and judging distances.

  • Clothing: You will need to dress in layers so that you can adjust your clothing as needed for the weather. You will also need to wear clothing that is designed to protect you from brush and thorns.

  • Footwear: You will need sturdy footwear that will protect your feet from the elements and from sharp objects.

  • Knife: A knife is a useful tool for field dressing a bear.

  • First-aid kit: A first-aid kit is essential for treating any injuries that you may sustain during a bear hunt.

  • Bear bag: A bear bag is a way to hang your food and other scented items out of reach of bears.

  • Scent-free products: Bears have a keen sense of smell, so it is important to use scent-free products when you are bear hunting.

In addition to these essential items, you may also want to bring other gear, such as a GPS unit, a map, a compass, and a sleeping bag.

What is the minimum caliber for bear hunting?

The caliber of rifle you need to hunt bear depends on the size of the bear and the terrain you will be hunting in. For black bears, a .30-06 Springfield or .308 Winchester is a good all-around choice. For brown bears, a larger caliber like the .375 H&H Magnum or .45-70 Government is a better option.

Here is a general guide to calibers for bear hunting:

  • Black bear: .30-06 Springfield, .308 Winchester, .35 Remington, .44 Magnum, .45-70 Government

  • Brown bear: .375 H&H Magnum, .450 Bushmaster, .45-70 Government, .416 Rigby

  • Grizzly bear: .375 H&H Magnum, .416 Rigby, .450 Nitro Express, .460 Weatherby Magnum

It is important to use a bullet that is designed for bear hunting. These bullets will typically be heavier and have a thicker jacket than bullets designed for deer hunting. They are also designed to expand and create a large wound cavity, which hunters say is important for stopping a bear.

In addition to caliber, it is also important to consider the weight of the rifle. A heavier rifle will be more stable and easier to shoot accurately, especially at longer ranges. However, a heavier rifle will also be more difficult to carry, especially for longer hunts.

Ultimately, the best caliber of rifle for bear hunting is the one that you can shoot accurately and comfortably. If you are unsure what caliber is right for you, talk to a gunsmith or experienced hunter. They can help you choose a caliber appropriate for the type of bear you will be hunting and the terrain you will be hunting in.

What month is best to hunt bears?

The best month to hunt bears depends on the species of bear you are hunting and the region you are in. However, in general, the best months to hunt bears are fall and spring.

  • Fall: Bears are in the process of fattening up for winter, so they are more active and easier to find. They are also more likely to be concentrated in areas where food is abundant, such as berry patches and salmon streams.

  • Spring: Bears are just coming out of hibernation and are looking for food. They are also more active during the spring rut, which can make them easier to hunt.

Here are some additional tips for hunting bears in fall and next spring season:

  • Scout your hunting area early in the season. This will help you find the bears’ trails and feeding areas.

  • Hunt during the early morning and late afternoon. This is when bears are most active.

  • Use a variety of hunting methods. This will increase your chances of success.

  • Be patient and persistent. Bear hunting can be challenging, but it is also very rewarding.

  • Please note that these are just general guidelines, and the best time to hunt bears may vary depending on the specific region and bear population. It is always a good idea to check with the local wildlife authorities to get the latest information.

Which states have OTC bear tags?

The states that offer over-the-counter bear tags for spring black bears are Alaska, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming.

What proof of a harvested

The proof of harvest requirements vary from state to state, so it is important to check with your local wildlife authorities to get the latest information. However, in general, you will need to provide the following proof of harvest:

  • Your hunting license: This shows that you are legally allowed to hunt bears in the area.

  • Your bear tag: This is a special tag that is issued to you when you purchase your hunting license. It must be attached to the bear carcass when you check it in at a check station.

  • A tooth from the bear: This is used to determine the bear’s age and sex.

  • A photograph of the bear: This is not always required, but it can be helpful in case of a dispute.

In some cases, you may also be required to provide other proof of harvest, such as a full report, signed statement from a witness or a video of the harvest. It is always a good idea to check with your local wildlife authorities to get the latest information on proof of harvest requirements.

Here are some additional tips for providing proof of harvest:

  • Keep your hunting license and bear tag in a safe place. You should not lose or damage these documents, as they are essential for proving that you legally harvested the bear.

  • Remove the bear’s tooth as soon as possible after the harvest. This will help to preserve the tooth and make it easier to remove.

  • Take a photograph of the bear as soon as possible after the harvest. This will help to document the bear’s size and sex.

  • Be prepared to provide proof of harvest if you are stopped by a game warden. This may include showing your hunting license, bear tag, and bear tooth.

By following these tips, you can ensure that you have the necessary proof of harvest in case you are ever asked to provide it.

Is Bear Meat Safe To Eat?

Bear meat can be safe to eat if it is cooked properly. However, bear meat can sometimes contain a parasite called Trichinella spiralis, which can cause a disease called trichinosis. Trichinosis is a serious illness that can cause fever, muscle pain, and diarrhea. In some cases, it can even be fatal.

The best way to prevent trichinosis is to cook bear meat to an internal temperature of 160°F (71°C). This will kill the parasite and make the meat safe to eat.

Here are some tips for cooking bear meat safely:

  • Cook the meat thoroughly. The internal temperature of the meat should reach 160°F (71°C).

  • Do not eat bear meat that is raw, rare, or undercooked.

  • Freeze the meat for at least 20 days before cooking. This will kill the parasite.

  • Cook the meat in a way that ensures that the interior reaches the correct temperature. This means cooking the meat in a slow cooker, oven, or grill.

If you are unsure whether bear meat is safe to eat, it is always best to consult with a doctor or a wildlife expert.

Here are some additional information about trichinosis:

  • Trichinosis is caused by a parasite called Trichinella spiralis.

  • The parasite is found in the flesh of infected animals, such as bears, pigs, and wild boars.

  • The parasite can be transmitted to humans when they eat raw or undercooked meat from an infected animal.

  • The symptoms of trichinosis can include fever, muscle pain, diarrhea, and vomiting.

  • In some cases, trichinosis can be fatal.

If you think you may have trichinosis, it is important to see a doctor immediately. There is no specific treatment for trichinosis, but antibiotics can help to relieve the symptoms.

bear meat recipe

Here is a recipe for Bear Roast that I found on the website Miss Allie’s Kitchen:


  • 1 tablespoon olive oil

  • 1 (3-4 pound) bear roast

  • 1 and 1/2 tsp. salt, divided

  • 1 tsp. pepper, divided

  • 4 garlic cloves, minced

  • 1 cup beef stock

  • 1 cups dry red wine (or sub for more stock)

  • 3 Tbsp. balsamic vinegar

  • 3 Tbsp. tomato paste

  • 4–5 fresh thyme sprigs


  1. Heat the olive oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat.

  2. Season the bear roast with 1 teaspoon of salt and 1/2 teaspoon of pepper.

  3. Sear the roast on all sides, creating a nice crust. This will take 5-10 minutes.

  4. Once the roast is seared, lay it in the bottom of a slow cooker.

  5. Mix together the garlic cloves, beef stock, red wine, balsamic, tomato paste, and the remaining salt and pepper. Pour the liquid over roast and lay the thyme sprigs over the top.

  6. Cover the slow cooker with a lid, and let it cook for 4-6 hours on high or 8-9 hours on low. The roast should be falling apart with a fork, that’s how you know it’s done.

  7. Serve with the liquid you cooked the roast in (you can reduce it down on the stove if you like). Enjoy!

Here are some additional tips for cooking bear roast:

  • Use a meat thermometer to check the internal temperature of the roast. The internal temperature should reach 160°F (71°C).

  • If you are not sure how to cook bear meat, it is always best to consult with a cook or a wildlife expert.

  • Bear meat can be a bit tough, so it is important to cook it slowly and low. This will help to tenderize the meat and make it more enjoyable to eat.

  • Bear meat can be a bit gamey, so you may want to add some herbs or spices to the dish. This will help to enhance the flavor of the meat.

How to preserve bear meat?

There are a few ways to preserve bear meat. Here are the most common methods:

  • Freezing: Freezing is the most common way to preserve bear meat. It is a simple and effective way to keep the meat fresh for up to 6 months. To freeze bear meat, simply wrap it tightly in plastic wrap or freezer paper and place it in a freezer-safe bag or container.

  • Canning: Canning is another effective way to preserve bear meat. It is a bit more time-consuming than freezing, but it can extend the shelf life of the meat to up to 1 year. To can bear meat, you will need to follow a specific process that includes cleaning, cooking, and packing the meat in jars.

  • Salting: Salting is a traditional way to preserve bear meat. It is a simple method that involves rubbing the meat with salt and storing it in a cool, dark place. Salted bear meat can last for up to 6 months.

  • Smoked: Smoking is another traditional way to preserve bear meat. It is a more complex method than salting, but it can produce a flavorful and tender product. To smoke bear meat, you will need to use a smoker or grill.

The best way to preserve bear meat depends on your needs and preferences. If you are looking for a simple and easy way to preserve the meat, freezing is a good option. Or if you want to extend the shelf life of the meat, canning is a good choice. If you are looking for a traditional method of preservation, salting or smoking are good options.

Here are some additional tips for preserving bear meat:

  • Remove any fat from the meat before storing it. Fat can spoil more quickly than lean meat.

  • Freeze the meat in small packages. This will make it easier to thaw and use the meat as needed.

  • Label the packages with the date and type of meat. This will help you keep track of how long the meat has been stored.

  • Store the meat in a cool, dark place. This will help to slow down the spoilage process.

By following these tips, you can help to ensure that your bear meat stays fresh and safe to eat for as long as possible.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *